Proficiency / 精通程度

CDB Proficiency Levels

Level

Range of Expression

Functional Capacity

Entry Level

Level I

1.

can understand and use greetings, courtesy expressions and simple formulaic expressions (“I’d like…,” “May I…?”etc.)

can manage only the simplest exchanges in routine situations

2.

can understand and use the most frequently encountered basic sentence structures, up to 1,000 vocabulary items and one or two common verb tenses

can satisfy simple personal needs

3.

can understand and use 1,500 or more vocabulary items, most of the basic sentence structures and many of the common verb tenses

can handle simple tasks in ordinary personal and professional situations, such as making travel arrangements

Intermediate

LevelII

4.

can understand and use 2,000 or more vocabulary items, virtually all basic sentence structures and most of the common verb tenses

can function in many ordinary personal and professional situations, such as transacting routine

5.

can understand and use 3,000 or more vocabulary items, all basic and some more sophisticated sentence structures along with the requisite verb constructions

can function in many ordinary personal and professional situations, including fairly demanding ones such as participating in a meeting

6.

can understand and use 4,000 or more vocabulary items, all basic and many more sophisticated sentence structures along with the requisite verb constructions

can function in many ordinary personal and professional situations, including demanding ones such as consulting a lawyer

Upper-Intermediate

Level III

7.

can understand and use 7,000 or more vocabulary items, all basic and many more sophisticated sentence structures along with the requisite verb constructions

can function in a wide range of personal and professional situations, such as managing an office or settling a disagreement

8.

can understand and use 10,000 or more vocabulary items, all basic and many more sophisticated sentence structures along with the requisite verb constructions

can function in most personal and professional situations, including the most challenging

9.

can understand and use nearly all linguistic structures as well as a wide range of vocabulary items, especially in fields of personal or professional interest; comprehends very complex thoughts at a higher analytical and critical level

can function in most personal, academic and professional situations, including many which presume experience in writing, public speaking and critical reading

Advanced

Level IV

10.

can understand and use virtually all linguistic structures as well as an extensive range of vocabulary items, notable for both its breadth and depth; comprehends very complex and sophisticated thoughts at a higher analytical and critical level; and develops ideas in speech and writing clearly and coherently

can function in virtually any personal, academic, or professional situation, including those which presume considerable experience in writing, public speaking and critical reading

11.

can understand and use virtually all linguistic structures as well as a range of vocabulary items as broad and deep as that of most educated native speakers; comprehends at a very high analytical and critical level and develops in speech and writing even the most sophisticated thought clearly, coherently and cogently

can function in virtually any personal, academic or professional situation, including those which require strong writing, public speaking and critical reading skills

12.

uses the second language in a manner approaching in all aspects that of a well educated native speaker, understands and uses cultural references in a way that evidences a deep comprehension of the society in which the second language is spoken

can function in virtually any personal, academic or professional situation with language skills approaching that of a well-educated native speaker

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